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1.  
Before Ellis Island opened in 1892, Castle Garden was America's first official immigration center from 1855 to 1890. It was a pioneering collaboration of New York State and New York City. Visit CastleGarden.org to search for your immigrant ancestors during these early years.
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Immigration]
2.  
Remember to source (document) everything you find on your ancestors. Undocumented genealogy is mythology.
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Source Documentation]
3.  
Always bring a magnifying glass to the courthouse to assist with documents that are difficult to read. Also understand the rules of what you can and cannot do while in the courthouse.
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Court Records]
4.  
Probate records refer to wills, inventories, letters of administration and guardianship. They are usually held at the county courthouse unless archived and they are indexed by the name of the testator.
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Court Records]
5.  
Be aware that many documents are only available through a courthouse. Not everything is available online. If you can’t go personally, write a letter, or check with a nearby genealogical society which may provide a lookup service for a small fee.
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Court Records]
6.  
Ablepsy: Blindness
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
7.  
American Plague: Yellow fever
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
8.  
Aphonia: Laryngitis
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
9.  
Black Plague: Bubonic Plague
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
10.  
Bronze John: Yellow fever
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
11.  
Canine madness: Rabies
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
12.  
Cramp colic: Appendicitis
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
13.  
Dry Bellyache: Lead poisoning
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
14.  
French Pox: Syphilis
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
15.  
Grocer's Itch: Skin disease caused by mites in sugar or flour.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
16.  
Jail Fever: Typhus
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
17.  
Kruchhusten: Whooping Cough
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
18.  
Lues venera: Venereal disease
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
19.  
Morphew: Scurvy blisters on the body.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
20.  
Nephosis: Kidney degeneration.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
21.  
Pemphigus: Skin disease of watery blisters.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
22.  
Phitisis: Chronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
23.  
Puerperal Exhaustion: Death due to childbirth.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
24.  
Pott's Disease: Tuberculosis of spine
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
25.  
Rickets: Disease of skeletal system.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
26.  
Ship Fever: Typhus
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
27.  
Sprue: Tropical disease characterized by intestinal disorder and sore throat.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
28.  
Trench Mouth: Painful ulcers found along the gum line; caused by poor nutrition and hygiene.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
29.  
Variola: Smallpox
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
30.  
Winter Fever: Pneumonia
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Medical Terms]
31.  
A "vital record" is a record for an individual relating to his or her birth, marriage, and death.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Vital Records]
32.  
Genealogy is the study or investigation of ancestry and family histories.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Basic Information]
33.  
Organize from the beginning using a system that works for your needs. Using a combination of paper files and digital files means your records will always be available.
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Basic Information]
34.  
Use a good genealogical/family tree software package to maintain your records and your digital files.
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Basic Information]
35.  
Major ports of entry were Baltimore, Boston, New York, Philadelphia and New Orleans. There were other ports but they were not considered major ports.
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Immigration]
36.  
A "source" is the record used in locating information.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Source Documentation]
37.  
A "population census" is an official count of people residing within a designated area.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Census]
38.  
Early immigrants came for many reasons, including religious, seeking adventure, a better life or they were sent here as a penalty for a crime.
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Immigration]
39.  
A "citation" is a notation that connects the "source" to your research.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Source Documentation]
40.  
The first federal census was taken in 1790 and is taken every 10 years on an established day.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Census]
41.  
Everyone has a father and a mother. Male and female lines are equally important.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Basic Information]
42.  
In 1820, the Federal Government began requiring ship manifest lists but the early years can be difficult to locate.
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Immigration]
43.  
A "citation" has the following components: Author, Title, Publisher, Repository, Call#= or Page#. For on-line sources, include: date accessed and website address.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Source Documentation]
44.  
An "enumeration district" is the area assigned to a census taker for counting.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Census]
45.  
An ancestor is a person from whom your are descended, e.g., parent, grandparent, great-grandparent.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Basic Information]
46.  
Buy a copy of "Evidence Explained" by Elizabeth Shown Mills ... and use it!
Last Updated: 8 March 2017   [Located in Category: Source Documentation]
47.  
When citing internet-based sources, always note when the source was located.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Source Documentation]
48.  
An "enumerator" is a person who makes a list, usually for census or tax purposes.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Census]
49.  
A relative is someone with whom you share a common ancestor but who is not in your direct line.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Basic Information]
50.  
"The Chicago Manual of Style", a style guide for American English, is the style most often used by genealogists.
Last Updated: 26 September 2015   [Located in Category: Source Documentation]